Psychological care for psychosomatic diseases
With the social reform and opening up and economic development, market competition has intensified and the pace of life has accelerated. Changes in people’s lifestyles have increased the psychological stress response, which has led to an increase in psychosomatic diseases such as hypertension, ulcers, and diabetes year by year.
For the onset of heart disease, relying solely on drug treatment is one-sided, and it is difficult to fully work. It must be combined with active and effective behavioral intervention and psychological care to improve the patient’s subjective initiative and self-resistance, and prevent adverse psychological stimulation.Improve condition and effect.
The object of psychological care is the patient, and the patient is the medical staff and relatives. It is through the psychological support and help of others to the patient to solve the psychosomatic problem of the patient, improve the patient’s confidence and courage, overcome the psychological obstacle, and better overcome the disease.
According to this understanding, when carrying out psychological care for heart and body diseases, first of all, it is required that medical staff and their relatives can respect and care for patients, establish trust, harmonious doctor-patient relationship, nurse-patient relationship and family relationship, and form a good one;Medical staff and their relatives are required to have certain psychosomatic medical knowledge and skills, and understand the patient’s psychological response.
On this basis, we focus on implementing psychological nursing from the following aspects: 1. Communication: First, verbal communication.
Through language communication, such as talking, talking to understand what the patient thinks, is willing to say, what is required, what is taboo, so as to take appropriate measures to enlighten the patient and help solve the problem.
The second is non-verbal communication, that is, using expressions, eyes, postures, movements, etc. to communicate. This is more important for medical staff, because the medical staff’s every action will affect the patient. If used well, you can get more results with less effort.
2. Understanding: Most of the psychosomatic diseases are chronic diseases, the condition is transitional, and the patients have many concerns. I especially hope to get the understanding of medical staff and relatives.
Therefore, psychological care can not only stop at helping to relieve bad psychology, but more importantly, can understand the patient and give psychological support.
First of all, it is important to understand the illness he suffers from. It cannot be taken lightly and requires effective interventions. Secondly, he can understand his pain and troubles, anxiety, help him with compassion, support him, thereby improving his mood, confidence, and promotion.Psychosomatic health.
3. Soothing: Patients with psychosomatic diseases usually show a reduction in the level of psychological stress. Whenever there is an inexorable nagging in the heart, simple reasoning methods are difficult to work.
When this happens, medical staff, especially relatives, should understand their inner conflicts, help them solve practical difficulties, and eliminate worries.
In short, psychological nursing and psychological counseling and treatment are regular behaviors that require patience and skills, are targeted and knowledgeable, and achieve good results.